Common History of Hispaniola
And Its Kindred Communities
|General Note:||Anything listed as Secret History that is not clearly outlined as common knowledge via official documents released by the appropriate level ST is only available to PCs with appropriate Lore specialities or ST dispensation.|
|Pre-Columbian Settlement:||Sparse, but the native peoples referred to the island as Haiti, as evidenced by early Spanish historians who reference knowledge held by the Taino peoples prior to the Spanish colonization effort.|
Settlement of La Navidad,Northeastern Hispaniola
|Built from the sea-wreckage of the Santa Maria, the settlement is destroyed by Taino Amerindians after conflict with the gold-seeking Spaniards; none survive. Columbus decides to settle farther East, in what would become the Dominican Republic.|
|Secret History: A native Amerindian Gangrel in the Greater Antilles maintained a few ghouls among the Taino, particularly in Western Hispaniola. One of them recognized that these new, militarized people from the sea constituted a potential risk to his territory, and decided to investigate the Spanish presence.
The ghoul, a magnet for trouble, managed to be involved in a confrontation with the small Spanish garrison. The Spaniards believed the ghoul killed one of the few pigs they had. In a freak accident a coconut fell on the pig’s head just as the ghoul was standing nearby. Things went awry, and the conflict quickly escalated as the ghoul was put to death by the Spaniards, but not before the incident took on a more sinister aspect.
Not far removed from the terrible standards and practices of the Inquisition, the Spaniards grew suspicious when the ghoul proved to survive injuries that would normally incapacitate or kill a human being. Fear gripped their hearts. The Spaniards came to believe the local Taino were in league with The Devil. Marching forth from La Navidad, they were determined to find the source of this evil and put an end to it. With the garrison minimally guarded, it was a prime target to be razed. The men who went in pursuit of the Taino were never seen again.
|Settled during Columbus’ second voyage, La Isabela was founded for the sole purpose of obtain precious gold. Instead it rapidly became the first slave center in the Western Hemisphere.|
|Secret History: The immense profitability of the promised gold from Hispaniola quickly wormed its way into the ear of a Spanish Tremere. The Tremere arranged for one of her ghouls to accompany Columbus’ second fleet. Sent with enough vitae stores to ration over the course of a year, the ghoul was tasked to imbed themselves in the burgeoning colonial domain of Spain.|
The Great Hurricane
|A horrific hurricane strikes La Isabela. It destroys the flagship of the supply fleet, the Maria Galante. This catastrophe helps alienate the Spaniards from the Taino, who had moved inland in preparation for the storm’s arrival, while the Spaniards perished in the port.|
|Secret History: The vitae resupply for the Tremere ghoul was lost with the Maria Galante. Perishing suddenly, the first tendril of Kindred influence in La Isabela dies with the ghoul. This incident proves how logistically dangerous the practice of sending out advanced feelers can be for would-be colonizing vampires.|
|The settlement is abandoned. A third of all Spaniards return on the Nina and Santa Cruz. Plagues brought by the Spaniards have already laid waste to the Taino population; over two thirds are wiped out.|
|Secret History: This period is the last age of non-interference among the supernatural community in Hispaniola; the absence of all supernaturals makes this period effectively lost to all history|
|Officially settled as the first European permanent settlement in the Americas.|
|Original settled destroyed by hurricane. It is quickly rebuilt.|
|Secret History: With the 1502 arrival of the new governor and the expeditionary forces of Ponce de Leon, members of several different European Kindred clans arrive on Hispaniola; no ghouls are brought with them. These individuals press the subjugation of the remaining Taino, and the establishment of permanent trade from Hispaniola to the other colonial territories of Spain.|
|Anacaona becomes a symbol of early resistance in Hispaniola. She is hung for her anti-Spaniard stance after refusing to become a Spaniard’s concubine in return for clemency. She becomes an iconic figure in the story of anti-colonialism. More importantly word of new frontiers of free people begins to filter its way back to Europe.|
|Secret History: The conflicts that have riven Europe for a century finally draw to an end. Seemingly insurmountable challenges remain for the defeated. With the vast territories of Europe overwhelmingly dominated by entrenched Princes, the Anarchs need opportunities. A massive migration of Anarchs to the New World gets under way.
Hispaniola is not a point of permanent anarch settlement, as it is viewed as too tightly linked to slavery, the Spanish crown, and its absolutist dominion over the region. The Anarchs loathe it as a center of oppression.
The Anarchs move on to other Caribbean centers, including Puerto Rico under the unique and sometimes rebellious leadership of Ponce de Leon, who could always be counted to be slightly-yet tolerated out of step with the orthodoxy of the Crown. The spread of Anarchs over the Caribbean is neatly obscured by the lawlessness of pirates, violent wars with native peoples, and towns that are destroyed by Natural Disaster.
|Slave importation from Africa begins. Santo Domingo becomes the biggest slave port in the New World.|
|Secret History: The first permanent resident Kindred arrives, a Polish Brujah. He takes up residence in the slums near the slave markets. He is among the worst of disease vectors for the second wave disease outbreaks that run rampant through the Taino population.|
|Secret History: Additional Kindred begin arriving with the intention to stay; most notably, a coterie of French Toreador arrive and begin working to establish estates and sugar mills. These closely related Toreador work together to foster the slave markets in the region, and encounter the Polish Brujah, whom they place in torpor when it is discovered that he has been infecting Taino slaves with an unspecified European disease.|
|Secret History: Don Diego de Manza of Clan Ventrue begins the process of organizing the citizens of Santo Domingo into a coherent Camarilla court|
|Secret History: Spanish Ventrue arrive, along with contracted Varangian Gangrel bodyguards, and Malkavian advisors, establishing the initial diversity of the Camarilla on the island.|
|Secret History: A tense situation develops when a Nosferatu disease carrier with smallpox arrives. They begin the infection of African slaves in the markets of Santo Domingo with the dread disease- the Ventrue and Toreador work together to locate and destroy the Nosferatu, but are unable to do so before checking the spread of smallpox on the island.|
|January 14th, 1526:
|Secret History: Prince de Manza is brutally murdered by unknown assailants. They attack him while he is in transit to a Toreador plantation outside of Santo Domingo. No group takes credit, and the fragile city structure that de Manza was attempting to engineer falls apart.|
|1526:||In the wake of the Peace of Madrid, an influx of Burgundian, Neapolitan, and Milanese immigrants add to the ethnic and cultural brew that is forming in Hispaniola.|
|Sir Francis Drake seizes Santo Domingo and holds it for ransom|
|Secret History: Ventrue ghouls accompany the expedition of Francis Drake when he seizes Santo Domingo. They burn out nests of Anarchs and others who are using the island as a point of transit during the chaos. This is referred to in the oldest surviving texts as the First Burning of Santo Domingo.|
|Secret History: Servires arrive to help interdict the use of Santo Domingo as a port of entry for Anarchs into the New World; Toreador planters entice Archons to return glowing reports of Hispaniola to the Old World. (Toreador to Be Named) is declared Prince of Santo Domingo.|
|1606:||King Philip II of Spain commands all loyal subjects in Hispaniola to move closer to Santo Domingo, as the threat of pirates on the farther reaches of the territory creates high risks to safety and property.|
|Secret History: The Toreador allow other clans to serve as court officers and primogen, largely due to the new influx of Tremere and Gangrel. Occult issues have plagued the city since the declaration of the Toreador Praxis on the island, and the Tremere assistants helps curtail these difficulties.|
|1606 to 1630:||British, Dutch, and French pirates proliferate on the island, bringing in foreign influence and new residents to Hispaniola.|
|English attack Santo Domingo, but fail; leave and conquer Jamaica|
|French colonization of Haiti begins in earnest; King Louis XIV supports the colonial conquest of the island by taking the territory shakily claimed by Spain.|
|1697:||Treaty of Ryswick – Spain formally cedes western third of Hispaniola to France|
|August, 1791:||Slave uprisings occur, primarily in the Western plantations of Hispaniola|
|British and Spanish interventions in Haiti help muddle the picture of the 1st Haitian Slave Revolution; British and Spanish interests begin restoring slavery in Haiti.|
|February 4th, 1794:||Revolutionary France abolishes slavery in the colonial empire, to help destabilize British attempts to seize and hold Haiti. Between fighting and Yellow Fever, colonial powers lose tens of thousands of men to the conflict in the West Indies.|
|July 22nd, 1795:||Second Treaty of Basel – Spain cedes the remaining 2/3rds of Hispaniola to France|
|1798:||British withdraw last of forces from Hispaniola. The five year conflict tallies over 100,000 dead or permanently disabled.|
|May 20th, 1803:||Slavery reinstated in French Colonies.|
|Late 1803:||French Army denuded by Yellow Fever, marches to restore order in Western Hispaniola|
|November 18th, 1803:
|Haitian troops crush the French at the Battle of Vertières|
|January 1st, 1804:||Haitian independence declared.|
|Secret History: Parallel to the declaration of Haitian independence, a full scale civil war breaks out among the Camarilla Kindred of Hispaniola. Over the previous decade fighting in the far West of the country had destroyed many of the newer, non-Toreador sugar plantations, with the younger Ventrue, Brujah, Malkavians, and Nosferatu laying the blame at the feet of the Toreador old guard, with the tacit approval of the Prince of Santo Domingo.
Tensions boil over into what becomes known as The Second Burning of Santo Domingo when the Prince of Santo Domingo sends his childe, the Toreador Sheriff, to bring the Tremere Harpy in dead or alive for having the temerity to criticize the Prince’s handling of the burning of a major Ventrue holding. The first six months of 1804 descend into an orgy of blood and violence that are noteworthy even by Kindred standards. The West Country is almost entirely depopulated of Kindred. Rumors swirl of Faith Hunters mixing Vodoun and Santeria into efforts to conduct anti-supernatural pogroms, though these are never verified.
Santo Domingo itself is shattered, as the Prince was assassinated and his childe took up the mantle of faction leadership, declaring himself Prince of Santo Domingo in late May. Gangrel, Ventrue, and Tremere partisans come into joint agreement that the governance of Santo Domingo may never be left in the hands of the line of Toreador despots. While unified in opposition, the faction lacks the resources to bring the conflict to an end, and the next 17 years are spent with ongoing efforts to bring the Toreador to heel. No Kindred residents who were present in Hispaniola before 1807 survive this conflict.
|The Republic of Spanish Haiti declares its independence from Spain|
|June 3rd, 1821:||Secret History: The Toreador Praxis of Santo Domingo falls. Unknown parties destroy the Prince in his haven, during daylight hours. A Ventrue praxis is established, with Tremere, Brujah, Gangrel, and Nosferatu backing.|
|February, 1822:||The Unification of Hispaniola – The Republic of Spanish Haiti is annexed by independent Haiti, and spends the next 22 years under occupation. Slavery is abolished, as is white property ownership.|
|Secret History: The annexation of Spanish Haiti was accompanied by a final wave of violence in Western Haiti by unknown forces. The few remaining, isolated Kindred disappear from history entirely, the homes, businesses, and clients who had been in their care are destroyed, bankrupted, and dispersed.|
|1838:||Dominican dissidents help form La Trinitaria, a dissident society aimed at undermining the idea of a Hispaniola held by a Unified Haiti|
|1843:||Members of La Trinitaria help orchestrate a coup in Haiti. Its leaders arrested following coup, on the basis of their desire to destabilize the Haitian union.|
|February 27th, 1844||The Dominican War of Independence begins, with a declaration of independence by Trinitarios, backed by cowboy-soldiers of wealthy ranchers. The war lingers for well over a decade, with Dominican forces defeating the Haitians on land and sea repeatedly; the disparity in forces due to population means the Dominicans are unable to invade or force a decisive confrontation upon Haiti. For the next 15 years, despotism and rivalry among Dominican leaders impoverishes the young nation, until its eventual re-submission to Spain.|
|March 1st, 1844:||Secret History: Members of Clan Nosferatu petition the Prince to send his Sheriff into the Alcantarilla Colonial, to investigate disappearances . The Sheriff, the Prince, and the Nosferatu of Santo Domingo all venture into the Alcantarilla Colonial together, never to be seen again. The Malkavian Seneschal of Santo Domingo declares a change of Praxis on Christmas Eve, 1844.|
|1860:||Dominican Civil War – The state collapses following a financial crisis prompted by currency devaluation.|
|1861:||Dominican leadership enters into negotiations, and agrees to new colonial relationship with Spain.|
|Secret History: A number of Spanish Brujah emigrate as part of the re-opening of the Dominican Republic to Spanish interests. These younger Zealots are not well integrated with the Court of Santo Domingo and immediately begin pressing for reform.|
|1863:||War of Restoration begins as Dominicans reject the renewed colonial relationship. Spanish forces are crushed by Yellow Fever epidemic, but the Dominicans are unable to eject them from the country. Widespread disorganization among rebel forces leads to repeated military coups among the Dominican leadership. Finally, Queen Isabella II nullifies the annexation of the territory, ending Spanish intervention in Hispaniola.|
|1863 to 1879:||The Time of Troubles – 21 changes of government and 50 military uprisings speck the 16 year period in which two dominant factions (Red and Blue) vied for control of the young country.|
|Secret History: Accord of Santa María la Menor – The Gangrel,Tremere, and Ventrue of Santo Domingo initiate an agreement to refrain from all direct manipulation of the federal government of the Dominican Republic.|
|1869:||Treaty of Annexation negotiated with the United States|
|Secret History: The Nosferatu, Brujah, and Toreador become party to the Accord of Santa María la Menor.|
|1871:||Treaty of Annexation rejected by United States Senate|
|December 31st, 1878:||Secret History: The Malkavian Prince of Santo Domingo is destroyed by unknown forces, in her haven, during the daylight hours. The remaining Malkavians join the Accord of Santa María la Menor shortly thereafter. A Nosferatu takes the throne.|
|1879:||Lupercon seizes power in December, working with Heureaux to bringing an end to the tumultuous times; with the outbreak of the 10 Years’ War in Cuba, a new influx of sugar plantation money helps raise the country out of desperate poverty. While the political system saw a great deal of fluctuation, rewriting, factional fighting, and disruption, the scope of these matters was blunted, and Heureaux would dominate the island until his assassination.|
|1899:||Heureaux is assassinated after his external debt schemes bankrupt the Dominican state; the country devolves into infighting.|
|Secret History: The First Sabbat Invasion of Hispaniola ends in farce; efficient control of the docks and the still rudimentary transportation system allow the Kindred of Santo Domingo to intervene before the Sabbat can gain a foothold. Unconfirmed reports of Sabbat attempts to seize the urban centers of Haiti are not believed to succeed either, as no secondary or follow on Sabbat aggression originating in Haiti developed in the wake of the invasion.|
|1906:||The US issues the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, assuming responsibility of all Dominican debt, and administration of all customs duties in the Dominican Republic. Within two years Dominican external debt is reduced by almost 60%. The US buys and consolidates all remaining Dominican debt. Dominican currency is replaced by the US dollar.
Caceres rises to power and works to build the public treasury and political stability.
|1911:||Caceres assassinated; the 4 million peso surplus built under his prudent rule disappears almost overnight, as country devolves into a series of insurrections, as riots, civil war, and economic paralysis cripple the prosperity of the Dominican people.|
|1914:||US President Woodrow Wilson issues ultimatum to warring parties in Dominican civil war to come to a settlement, or have a settlement imposed by the United States.|
|1915:||US forces occupy Haiti.|
|1916:||Yet another coup occurs when the civilian government of the Dominican Republic fails to live up to US demands for the settlement of internal conflicts. The US intervenes militarily, with the US Marines. While low level insurrection continues unabated, the United States overhauls the legal, economic, social, and physical infrastructure of the Dominican Republic.|
|1922:||The United States negotiates the Hughes-Peynado plan, for the return of civilian government to a Dominican authority, with the framework of previous agreements regarding debt and American imposed law underpinning the conditions of US withdrawal.|
|1924:||The last US Marines depart from the Dominican Republic. Horatio Vasquez is elected president of the Dominican Republic, but almost immediately begins to seek to alter the constitutional arrangements on the term of office for the presidency.|
|1930:||A revolution is proclaimed by enemies of President Vasquez in February; when commanded, Rafael Trujillo refused to deploy his troops in support of the government, leading Vasquez into exile, and his replacement with a provisional government. In the May election, Trujillo ran with the backing of military intimidation, winning 95% of the vote.|
|1930 to 1961:||Trujillo runs a paramilitary dictatorship that dominates all facets of Dominican life. He draws a sharp line to end Haitian interference and involvement in Dominican affairs, authorizing the Parsley Massacres, killing upwards of 30,000 Haitians in the Dominican Republic; he welcomes new waves of European immigrants, including Jews and Spanish Republicans fleeing the growing conflict in Europe. Trujillo moves carefully through the war years to establish his credentials as an Anti-Communist, and becomes a key US ally for the 15 years following the 2nd World War.|
|January 1st, 1959:||Batista’s regime in Cuba falls to revolutionary forces.|
|Secret History: The Second Sabbat Invasion – After the 3rd Sabbat Civil War, Lasombra seeking to repopulate from Dominican populations arrive in Santo Domingo over the course of three months. While they conduct sporadic attacks against the Kindred of Santo Domingo, they initially do little real damage. The focus appears to be the replenishment of their numbers and the induction of new pack members. The issue is treated at first as a nuisance by the Praxis, until the Tremere Keeper of Elysium is assaulted and diablerized. The Tremere demand justice, and the Nosferatu prince reluctantly marshals his city to push the Lasombra interlopers out. By October, the Sabbat have abandoned their efforts in Santo Domingo entirely.|
|January 1st, 1959:||Batista’s regime in Cuba falls to revolutionary forces.|
|1960:||Organization of American States adopted resolution, called for severance of diplomatic ties with Dominican Republic|
|1962:||Founder of leftist Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD), Juan Bosch, elected in first democratic elections in nearly four decades|
|1963:||Bosch deposed in military coup, replaced by three-man civilian junta|
|1965:||30,000 US troops invaded Dominican Republic following pro-Bosch uprising|
|1966:||Joaquin Balaguer (PRSC) elected president|
|1978:||Silvestre Antonio Guzman (PRD) elected president|
|1982:||Jorge Blanco (PRD) elected president|
|1986:||Balaguer (PRSC) re-elected president|
|1990:||Balaguer re-elected, defeated Bosch by small majority|
|1994:||After being accused of fraud, Balaguer agreed to serve a two-year re-election term|
|1996:||Leonel Fernandez Reyna (PLD) elected president|
|1998:||Hurricane George causes widespread devastation|
|July, 1999:||Secret History: The eldest Kindred on the Island, a Ravnos of venerable age and blood, enters into a prolonged bloodlust; he slaughters the few younger Ravnos in the Santo Domingo area, and in the process engages in violent conflict against the Court. Several Camarilla Kindred are killed in the process, and the Ravnos escapes into the countryside after a running battle that nearly breaks the Masquerade. Shaken by the experience, the Nosferatu Prince levies a blood hunt against the creature. Two dozen of the Court’s bright, promising, and militant youth go out to face the monster. Many fewer return with its ashes.|
|November, 1999:||Secret History: With the event of the Red Star, the Sabbat undertake the Third Invasion of Santo Domingo; this effort is much more successful than previous endeavors, in no small part due to the huge influx of Serpents of Light into the area.
Camarilla holdings are besieged at every turn; some unknown event apparently strikes the leadership of the Sabbat Crusade and the organization and coordination of Sabbat forces falls apart. Organized Camarilla resistance secures Santo Domingo, though it will be a year of steady fighting before the suburbs are cleansed and pacified. Among the noteworthies to die are the Tremere primogen, the Malkavian Scourge, and two Toreador deputies.
|2000:||Hipolito Mejia (PRD) elected president|
|Secret History: With the Gangrel withdrawal from the Camarilla, the Nosferatu Prince of Santo Domingo declares that any Gangrel found within the territories of the Praxis is not acknowledged and should be destroyed on sight, it becomes known as the Ban of San Nicholas de Bari.
The Tremere lodge a protest with the praxis, acknowledging the key role of Clan Gangrel in bringing past threats to heel. The Tremere walk out of the Court of Santo Domingo in solidarity with the Gangrel. At the behest of the Toreador Harpy, the Prince and the Tremere come to an arrangement, allowing Gangrel to enter Tremere holdings and feed within them, without being subject to the order of destruction. A cold peace settles over the court, as it begins to regroup from the most chaotic year in the previous half century.
Also, throughout the decade, members of Clan Assamite voluntarily reveal themselves to the Court of Santo Domingo, in the wake of the acceptance of Clan Assamite within the Camarilla. The Nosferatu Prince is slow to acknowledge them, but eventually they are incorporated into the Court.
|2001:||Appeals court annulled conviction of corruption charges against former president, Salvador Jorge Blanco; US jet bound for Santo Domingo crashed in New York, killed all 255 people on board|
|Secret History: The 41st Grand Conclave convenes and changes official sect policy regarding Antediluvian existence.|
|2002:||Former President Joaquin Balaguer died after dominating politics for more than 50 years|
|2003:||Demonstrations about economic policies left at least five dead|
|2004:||Leonel Fernandez, former head of state, defeated incumbent President Hipolito Mejia|
|2005:||Congress approved proposed free trade agreement with US and Central American nations|
|2007:||The Dominican Republic enters the trade accord which becomes known as Dominican Republic-Central America FTA|
|2008:||President Leonel Fernandez re-elected|
|Secret History: Nosferatu Prince calls for a celebration of the 500th Anniversary of Camarilla in Santo Domingo; various guests and dignitaries attend. Many soon realize the trap this celebration was always meant to be. Moving to eliminate the Prince’s enemies, the celebration turns into a bloodbath. Mercenary vampires of the Assamite and Brujah clans slaughter some of the guests and the Seneschal. The Prince states they were blood hunted and were enemies of the Court.
The Prince then locks down the Domincan Republic, not allowing travel to his domain. After a period of roughly 6 months he allows travel once again.
Over the next several years, it is apparent that the Prince has fallen to some kind of madness. He will sometimes call court and rant for hours about unseen threats. Members of the court whom he believes to be enemies disappear or are found guilty of crimes committed against him or the court. All a fabrication of his madness and paranoia.
|2010:||The ruling Dominican Liberation Party (PLD) retains power in congressional elections. Dominican Republic tightened border restrictions to prevent cholera spreading from Haiti.|
|2011:||Secret History: The Gangrel are accepted back into the Camarilla, with the strong support of Clan Tremere.|
|2012:||Secret History: The Chicago Blood Accord enters into full force. Emissaries from the Followers of Set make themselves known in territories near the Haitian border, but offer no territorial claim to be contested.|
|2014:||Secret History: The Assamite Clan, almost solely comprised of Viziers, are finally granted a full Primogen seat by the mad Nosferatu Prince.|